Mastering The Key Stages Of Group Development

Think of the forming stage like the first day of school or the first day at a new job. There’s excitement in the air and everyone is ready to roll up their sleeves and get started on the project. Usually, group dynamics and roles have yet to be established, a team leader will typically emerge and take charge and direct the individual members.

Fellow is the meeting agenda app your team will love. Sherri has taught college business and communication courses. She also holds three degrees including communications, business, educational leadership/technology. For example, the seven-member executive team at Whole Foods spends time together outside of work.

  • She wants to go to the city to buy seeds because they cannot get the broccoli seed she wants in the local store.
  • Address and resolve conflicts and problems as soon as they arise.
  • They’re also sad that they won’t get to see each other on a regular basis, as they’ve grown quite close.
  • Someone wins the political battle and dominates the group.
  • As the group starts to familiarize themselves, roles and responsibilities will begin to form.
  • The conflict-handling style in which a person allows the desires of another to prevail is known as A.
  • The internal competitions prevalent at the storming stage have been rooted out.

They will spend 2 days getting introduced to each other and learning about the project. This retrospective meeting should consist of looking at how much everyone has grown throughout their time together. Victories and defeats all turn into lessons learned.

Delegate tasks by using a team schedule for observing the workload for each member of the team. Team members feel safe and are entirely loyal to the group, the team’s morale is super-high and participants are strongly motivated. Measure and boost team members’ productivity to prepare them for the next stage. When all the emotional issues have been solved, the team is ready for the next stage. Promote communication among team members by encouraging them to ask lots of questions and work together.

The focus for group members during the forming stage is to become familiar with each other and their purpose. In this critical phase of group development, members have an increased need for clarification. More dominant members within the group tend to emerge and lead, while less confident members remain performing in their comfort zone. While problems may exist within the group, the quiet members do not voice their concerns and the group may not be able to reach an agreement later on. Conversely, if a question is asked, it must be addressed so that the group may continue their progress successfully.

Using The Stages Of Team Development

Incorporate team building exercises to strengthen the unity and trust within the team. There are other advantages to tracking your time with an app though. When you know how long a process takes, you can identify areas that could be made more efficient. It can also help you predict how much additional time your group might need to complete the current project. Understanding Tuckman’s development process can increase your chances of reaching project goal. Groups are so in-sync during the performing stage that it seems to happen naturally.

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Ultimately, undergoing the five stages of team development sets your team up for success. There will be a higher chance of realizing the project goals within the timelines set at the forming stage. At the adjourning stage, team members will be eager to collaborate again on other projects. This is the final stage of the team development process. It’s also known as the transforming process and happens after the team accomplishes what it set out to do.

When beginning with a virtual team, set the final deadline and reprimand any virtual team members who don’t make the deadline. Because you don’t have face-to-face contact, relay instructions via phone. Require each team member to keep their own personal record of the work that’s been done as a team. Utilize employees on a global team around the clock. A ________ group is created to do something productive for the organization and is headed by a leader. For example, this group may be created to develop a new line of skin-care products specifically for people over the age of 60.

Example Of Moving Through The Five Stages Of Group Development

Marija Kojic is a productivity writer who’s always researching about various productivity techniques and time management tips in order to find the best ones to write about. She can often be found testing and writing about apps meant to enhance the workflow of freelancers, remote workers, and regular employees. Appeared in G2 Crowd Learning Hub, The Good Men Project, and Pick the Brain, among other places. Recognize and celebrate the team’s achievements, to make sure your work as a team ends on a positive note. This is important considering that at least some of you may work together in the future once again.

If teams get through the storming stage, conflict is resolved and some degree of unity emerges. In the norming stage, consensus develops around who the leader or leaders are, and individual member’s roles. Interpersonal differences begin to be resolved, and a sense of cohesion and unity emerges. Team performance increases during this stage as members learn to cooperate and begin to focus on team goals. However, the harmony is precarious, and if disagreements re-emerge the team can slide back into storming.

Individual members might feel all of these things at the same time, or may cycle through feelings of loss followed by feelings of satisfaction. Given these conflicting feelings, individual and team morale may rise or fall throughout the ending stage. It is highly likely that at any given moment individuals on the team will be experiencing different emotions about the team’s ending. During the Forming stage of team development, team members are usually excited to be part of the team and eager about the work ahead. Members often have high positive expectations for the team experience.

As the team begins to work together, they move into the “storming” stage. This stage is not avoidable; every team – most especially a new team who has never worked together before – goes through this part of developing as a team. In this stage, the team members compete with each other for status and acceptance of their ideas. They have different opinions on what should be done and how it should be done – which causes conflict within the team.

All groups must go through the initial four stages in order to become productive and deliver results. Take advantage of expert, personalized guidance by phone or in person. Seminars and webinars are designed to help you navigate the college admissions process, plan, and pay for your—or your child’s—college education. Creating a closing celebration that acknowledges the contributions of individuals and the accomplishments of the team and that formally ends this particular team’s existence.

during the forming stage of a group or team, the leader should

Are there established and agreed upon methods for communication? Is there a feedback system in place to keep the team on track, focused, and enthusiastic? Are people feeling aligned and purposeful? Addressing these questions will help a leader usher her team into the next phase of group development. Team Tasks during the Storming stage of development call for the team to refocus on its goals, perhaps breaking larger goals down into smaller, achievable steps. The team may need to develop both task-related skills and group process and conflict management skills.

The Norming stage determines a state of peace ✊after conflict resolution. At this stage, the participants show more respect to the team lead and more trust in each other. Establish respectful relationships in a group by resolving conflicts in a diplomatic and honest way. Remind the team members about the rules of the group and their responsibilities.

Stages Of Group Development: Create Your Dream Team

Effective relationships between team members goes beyond work. To truly get to know your colleagues and build strong relationships requires honest self-appraisal, deeper sharing, and clear communication. This activity is a great way of quickly and efficiently helping a team share themselves with the group and go beyond the scope of some standard activities. Team development plays a critical role in your organization’s success. When the five stages of team development get successfully implemented, a sense of partnership and community is fostered.

Members are willing to change their preconceived ideas or opinions on the basis of facts presented by other members, and they actively ask questions of one another. Leadership is shared, and cliques dissolve. As members begin to know and identify with one another, the trust that individuals place in their colleagues fosters cohesion within the team. Your remote teams will go through the 5 stages of team development whether or not they have your guidance, but you can accelerate their progress when you know how to support them along the way. When you can identify which development phase your teams are in, it’s much easier to provide exactly the direction they need so they feel more focused and connected.

Why Tuckman’s Stages Of Team Development Is Helpful

Morale is high as group members actively acknowledge the talents, skills and experience that each member brings to the group. A sense of community is established and the group remains focused on the group’s purpose and goal. Members are flexible, interdependent and trust each other.


Team development is the structured process of bringing together a group of diverse individuals and teaching them to appreciate their differences as they work towards a shared goal. More than that, the Tuckman model gives each team leader an intuitive framework to help them understand their role at each stage of the development process. They can use this to properly set priorities, benchmarks and goals, helping them make adjustments when needed and support their teams in their progress.

The storming stage is often characterized by disagreement and even open conflict. Create open lines of communication between leadership and team members. At the forming stage, there is a substantial degree of nervousness and uncertainty among the team. Team members tend to approach each other and their duties cautiously, so there is usually a lack of conflict and almost no risk taking. Individuals also tend to work alone and are hesitant to collaborate, leaving a serious lack of teamwork and camaraderie. Creating a team can be a challenge for any business.

Why Are The Stages Of Group Development Important?

The team leader needs to be adept at facilitating the team through this stage – ensuring the team members learn to listen to each other and respect their differences and ideas. This includes not allowing any one team member to control all conversations and facilitate contributions from all members of the team. The team leader will need to coach some team members to be more assertive and other team members on how to be more effective listeners. Retrospective meetings during the Performing phase should resemble the meetings during the Norming phase. Just be sure that, while constantly looking to improve, the time is taken to acknowledge the victories of individuals and of the team as a whole. The Norming stage has a general increase in productivity.

The internal competitions prevalent at the storming stage have been rooted out. Each team member’s roles and responsibilities are also clear. As a result, the team works more efficiently because members understand what’s expected of them and know how during the forming stage of a group or team, the leader should to share their ideas and seek feedback. The imposing personalities in the team will become evident at this stage, especially when members start to share ideas openly. Those who stand out start to get accepted by their peers as potential leaders.